?!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> 如何判断宝宝是否缺钙、铁、锌、硒、维生素?上海艾薇儿家政服?/title> <link href="/style/css/reset.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <link href="/style/css/ant.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <script type="text/javascript" src="/style/js/jquery.min.js"></script> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312" /> <style type="text/css"> body,td,th { font-family: "microsoft yahei", Arial, "微软雅黑"; } </style> <script> $(function() { $('.banner').flexslider({ animation: "slide", itemHeight: 500, directionNav:false, slideshowSpeed:5000 }) }) </script> <script src="style/js/menu.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script language="JavaScript" src="style/js/JS_CheckForm.js"></script> <script language="JavaScript"> function checkform(theform){ if(!CheckEmpty(theform.key, "关键?)) return false; if(!CheckInteger(theform.price1, "最低价?)) return false; 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婴儿生长速度很快,钙的需要量相对较多。中国人传统的膳食结构虽有很多优点,但缺少含钙高的食物。许多人并不了解什么是正确、有效的补钙方式。维生素D是钙被骨髓吸收的载体,维生素D可使钙吸收成倍增加。没有维生素D的帮忙,钙只会在体内匆匆地来,匆匆地走。而维生素D3有利于钙在骨骼上的沉积,并减少流失。因此,强化了维生素D3的牛奶或奶粉补钙的效果会更胜一筹。补钙方?br />   中国居民膳食钙参考摄入量:年?每日参考摄入量(mg?-6个月 3001?mdash;4?4004?mdash;7?6007?mdash;11?80011?mdash;18?1000孕妇 中期 1000孕妇 晚期 1200乳母 12001.多食用钙质含量高的食物如:牛奶、酸奶、奶酪、泥鳅、河蚌、螺、虾米、小虾皮、海带、酥炸鱼、牡蛎、花生?芝麻酱、豆腐、松籽、甘蓝菜、花椰菜、白菜、油菜等?.多做体育运动 运动可使肌肉互相牵拉,强烈的刺激骨骼,加强血液循环和新陈代谢,减少钙质丢失,推迟骨骼老化,同时有利于人体对饮食中钙的吸收?.多晒太阳紫外线能够促进体内VD的合成利于钙的吸收。但紫外线不能穿透玻璃所以不能隔着玻璃晒太阳?.吃好早餐5.对含草酸多的蔬菜先焯水破坏草酸(草酸能影响钙的吸收),然后再烹调。如:甘蓝菜、花椰菜、菠菜、苋菜、空心菜、芥菜、雪菜、竹笋?.单独补充:补钙和补充其他矿物质分开补充?. 吃含有维生素D的钙片补充?. 在临睡前食用,或午餐和晚餐之间食用更容易被吸收。铁<br />   缺铁症状<br />   孩子缺铁可致缺铁性贫血?岁内的小儿最常见。多??个月以后,胎储铁用完,母奶含铁少。小儿面色变苍白(以唇、眼睑、指甲最明显),食欲不振,烦躁不安,活动后呼吸急促、脉搏加快,还可有肝、脾肿大,异食癖。小婴儿大哭时可有呼吸暂?背过?;幼儿及学龄儿童可有多动,注意力不集中,理解力差,上课做小动作等。还可致免疫功能降低而易患感染性疾病。轻症血红蛋?—11?百毫升,中度6—9克,重症6克以下。红细胞小,为小细胞性贫血。补铁方?br />   1.多吃富含铁元素的食物血红素主要存在于动物性食品中,不受其它食物成分干扰,吸收率较高,如肝脏中铁的吸收率达10%-20%,能让大家补铁补血更充分?.多吃促进铁吸收的食物维生素C可以促进铁的吸收,能使食物中的铁转变为能吸收的亚铁,猕猴桃、柑橘、橙子、西红柿等果蔬都富含维生素C?.吃强化食物在奶粉、米粉、豆浆中,有很多都是特别添加了铁的,铁的强化食物中食物标签上都有特别注明,选择合适的购买就可以。目前市面上有两种强化食品,一类是按婴儿食品国家标准强化的,每100 克含?-10毫克。另一种属于特殊的铁强化食品,?00克含铁高?0 毫克。后者不适合给宝宝食用。建议补铁同时补点维生素。锌<br />   缺锌症状<br />   1.食欲减退:挑食、厌食、拒食,普遍食量减少,孩子没有饥饿感,不主动进食?.乱吃奇奇怪怪的东西。比如:咬指甲、衣物、啃玩具、硬物、吃头发、纸屑、生米、墙灰、泥土、沙石等?br />   3.生长发育缓慢,身高比同龄组的?—6厘米,体重轻2—3公斤?br />   4.免疫力低下,经常感冒发烧,反复呼吸道感染如:扁桃体炎、支气管炎、肺炎、出虚汗、睡觉盗汗等?.指甲出现白斑,手指长倒刺,出现地图舌(舌头表面有不规则的红白相间图形);<br />   6.多动、反应慢、注意力不集中、学习能力差?.视力问题:视力下降,容易导致夜视困难、近视、远视、散光等?br />   8. 皮肤损害:出现外伤时,伤口不容易愈合;易患皮炎、顽固性湿疹;容易缺锌的宝?br />   1.怀孕期间锌摄取量不足的孩子。孕期对锌的需求量约为100毫克,其中大?0%被胎儿吸收,而胎儿对锌的需求在孕晚期达到峰值。如果准妈妈的一日三餐中缺乏含锌食品,势必会影响胎儿对锌的利用,使体内贮备的锌过早被吸收,孩子出生后就易出现缺锌症状?.发生早产的孩子。早产将导致孩子失去在妈妈体内贮备锌元素的黄金时间,造成先天性锌不足?.非母乳喂养的孩子。母乳含锌量极丰富,可达正常人血锌浓度的6?倍,更重要的是其吸收率高?2%,这是任何非母乳食品都不能企及的?.偏食多动的孩子。爱动是孩子的天性,特别是在炎热的夏季因爱动每天随汗液排出的锌丢失量可达2-3毫克,如果恰恰你的孩子又存在挑食偏食的情况,那难免要中招了?.体弱多病的孩子。体弱多病的孩子往往食欲减退,动物性蛋白摄入较少,导致食物中含锌量不足;有些孩子因生病长时间依赖单纯性静脉输液也易出现锌摄入量不足?.另外还有一些个别的孩子,如消化吸收功能不好,容易腹泻的孩子也容易缺锌。中国预防医学科学院营养与食品卫生研究所的最新调查结果表明,中国少年儿童的缺锌率高达60%,这60%的儿童每日锌摄入量不足世卫组织推荐量的一半,也就是说?个孩子中就有1个缺锌!补锌方法<br />   多吃含锌多食物:瘦牛肉、猪肉、羊肉、鸡心、鱼、牡蛎、蛋黄、脱脂奶粉、小麦胚芽、芝麻、核桃、牡蛎豆类、花生、小米、萝卜硒<br />   缺硒的症?br />   主要侵犯心脏,出现心律失常、心动过速或过缓及心脏扩大,最后导致心功能衰竭,心源性休克。在土壤中低硒的地区,还发现一种医学上称为肌肉综合症的病人,表现为肌肉疼痛,行走乏力。补硒方?br />   日常生活中含硒较多的食物有海味品、肉?特别是动物的肾脏)以及大米、谷类等。蛋类含硒量多于肉类,如?00克食物中,猪肉含?0.6微克,鸡蛋含?3.3微克,鸭蛋含?0.7微克,鹅蛋含?3.6微克,人参含?5微克,花生含?3.7微克。富含硒的食品除啤酒酵母、小麦胚芽、大蒜、芦笋、蘑菇及芝麻外,还包括许多海产品,如大虾、金枪鱼、沙丁鱼等。值得注意的是,很多保健品里不仅仅含有硒,还含有其他成分,如矿物质、维生素等。因此,在服用时,一定要明确其中的含量,结合自己的饮食和所用药物,避免发生过量或与药物相冲突的现象。维生素<br />   缺维生素症状<br />   维生素A:夜盲症,角膜干燥症,皮肤干燥,脱屑维生素B1:神经炎,脚气病,食欲不振,消化不良,生长迟缓维生素B2:口腔溃疡,皮炎,口角炎,舌炎,唇裂症,角膜炎等维生素B12:巨幼红细胞性贫血维生素C:坏血病,抵抗力下降维生素D:儿童的佝偻病,成人的骨质疏松症维生素E:不育,流产,肌肉性萎缩等。补维生素方?br />   食补维生素A:动物肝脏、蛋类、乳制品、胡萝卜、南瓜、香蕉、橘子和一些绿叶蔬菜中。维生素B1:葵花籽、花生、大豆、猪肉、谷类、野生食用菌黄滑松茸中。维生素B2:肉类、谷类、蔬菜和坚果中。维生素B12:猪牛羊肉、鱼、禽、贝壳类、蛋类中。维生素C:柠檬、橘子、苹果、酸枣、草莓、辣椒、土豆、菠菜中。维生素D:鱼肝油、鸡蛋、人造黄油、牛奶、金枪鱼中。维生素E:谷物胚胎、植物油、绿叶。维生素K:绿叶蔬菜中? </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> <div style="margin-left:460px;">上一篇是上一篇:没有?   下一篇是下一篇:<a href='/a/yuesaojiyuezizhishi/2019032931.html'>聘请育儿嫂一定要注意这几?/a> </div> <div class="footer1"> <div class="iwidth ohidd"> <span class="fr"><a href="/">首页</a> | <a href="/a/shewai_chuguobaomu/">出国保姆</a> | <a href="/zhujiabaomu/">住家保姆</a> | <a href="/yuyingsao/">育婴?/a>| <a href="/yuesao/">月嫂</a> | <a href="/mengshizaojiao/" rel="nofollow">蒙氏早教</a> |<a href="/jiazhengpeixun/" rel="nofollow">家政培训</a> </span> <span class="fl ">Copyright 2014- 2016 Bowenshangmei Culture All Rights Reserved<a 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